Tuesday, July 19, 2016

The Passing of a Matriarch

Original Bramley apple tree in Southwell is dying

BBC  7/19/16

Robert Rathbone The original 200-year-old Bramley apple tree has been neglected since the owner Nancy Harrison died almost two years ago 

The original Bramley apple tree - planted more than 200 years ago and the "mother" of all modern Bramley apples - is dying from a fungal infection.

The tree was sown by a girl called Mary Ann Brailsford in 1809 in the Nottinghamshire town of Southwell.

It has been neglected since the death of owner Nancy Harrison almost two years ago.

Bio-scientist Prof Ted Cocking, who has cloned the tree, said the people of Southwell should care for the Bramley.

Nancy Harrison tended to the Bramley apple tree in her cottage garden in Southwell, Nottinghamshire 

The fungal infection gets into the water transport system of the tree and slowly kills it off.  Robert Rathbone

Prof Cocking, from Nottingham University, has studied the tree for many years and used tissue cultures to micro-propagate the tree and create clones of the original Bramley.

"It looks as though it is going to die - although we can never be 100% certain with a tree.

"It is a great shame. Ms Harrison devoted most of her life looking after the tree and entertaining people who came from all over the world to visit the tree.

"Since her death, nobody has looked after the tree. The people of Southwell should club together to care for the tree and the garden - it wouldn't cost much.

"Even if it is dying - we all want to die with dignity. It needs to be nursed in its terminal years."

Matthew Bramley (left) gave Henry Merryweather permission to grow the apples provided they had the name Bramley's Seedling.  Bramley Campaign

From one tree to thousands
  • A girl called Mary Ann Brailsford grew the tree from a pip in about 1809.
  • Henry Merryweather was just 17 when he came across a gardener carrying some of the apples in 1856, and asked where they had been grown. By this time, the garden containing the apple tree belonged to a butcher called Matthew Bramley.
  • Mr Bramley agreed that Mr Merryweather could take cuttings from the tree and grow them in his family's nursery, providing they had the name Bramley's Seedling.
  • There are now more than 300 Bramley growers in England
Prof Cocking said the fungal infection gets into the water transport system of the tree and slowly kills it off - similar to a human's arteries getting clogged up.

Any extra stresses - such as a long hot summer - could hasten its death.

Clones taken by Prof Cocking and his team have now reached maturity and are sold commercially.

The garden has become overgrown since Nancy Harrison died.  Robert Rathbone

He said the fruit has a higher concentration of vitamin C and more flavour than that of the 200-year-old specimen and its descendants.

Sir John Starkey, who sells the fruit, said he asked Prof Cocking to clone the original tree as an experiment to "see how they behaved in commercial conditions."

"They looked more like tomato plants, little thin spindly things. I thought they are not going to survive in the wild but how wrong I was because in a few years they were outgrowing in dimensions and vigour the trees which I had from my nursery men," said.

The plaque commemorating the planting of the original Bramley apple tree 

The Bramley became popular because the apple stores well and keeps its flavour when cooked. About 83,000 tonnes of them are now grown in Britain annually.

According to the The Bramley Apple Information Service, it is not well known outside the UK except in Japan where it is revered. 

One Japanese apple farmer said he "nearly cried" when he visited Southwell.


dailymail  7/19/16

  • The Victorians grew dozens of varieties of cooking apples, but the Bramley has outlived them all
  • Bramleys are green, but get a red sheen on the side that is blushed by the sun
  • Their tangy tart taste is from their low sugar and high acid content
  • The Bramley is high in fibre and vitamin C, like other apples, but also in polyphenols, which protect against Alzheimer's, heart disease and high cholesterol
  • The trees make up 95 per cent of Britain's cooking apple orchards, covering nearly 5,500 acres
  • The plaque on the original tree was installed by the Tree Council in 2002 as part of a project to mark the Queen's golden jubilee

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